Map Functions

all_keys_match(x(K, V), function(K, boolean)) boolean

Returns whether all keys of a map match the given predicate. Returns true if all the keys match the predicate (a special case is when the map is empty); false if one or more keys don’t match; NULL if the predicate function returns NULL for one or more keys and true for all other keys.

SELECT all_keys_match(map(array['a', 'b', 'c'], array[1, 2, 3]), x -> length(x) = 1); -- true
any_keys_match(x(K, V), function(K, boolean)) boolean

Returns whether any keys of a map match the given predicate. Returns true if one or more keys match the predicate; false if none of the keys match (a special case is when the map is empty); NULL if the predicate function returns NULL for one or more keys and false for all other keys.

SELECT any_keys_match(map(array['a', 'b', 'c'], array[1, 2, 3]), x -> x = 'a'); -- true
any_values_match(x(K, V), function(V, boolean)) boolean

Returns whether any values of a map matches the given predicate. Returns true if one or more values match the predicate; false if none of the values match (a special case is when the map is empty); NULL if the predicate function returns NULL for one or more values and false for all other values.

SELECT ANY_VALUES_MATCH(map(ARRAY['a', 'b', 'c'], ARRAY[1, 2, 3]), x -> x = 1); -- true
cardinality(x) bigint

Returns the cardinality (size) of the map x.

element_at(map(K, V), key) V

Returns value for given key, or NULL if the key is not contained in the map.

map() map<unknown, unknown>

Returns an empty map.

SELECT map(); -- {}
map(array(K), array(V)) -> map(K, V)

Returns a map created using the given key/value arrays. Keys are not allowed to be null or to contain nulls.

SELECT map(ARRAY[1,3], ARRAY[2,4]); -- {1 -> 2, 3 -> 4}

See also map_agg() for creating a map as an aggregation.

map_concat(map1(K, V), map2(K, V), ..., mapN(K, V)) -> map(K, V)

Returns the union of all the given maps. If a key is found in multiple given maps, that key’s value in the resulting map comes from the last one of those maps.

map_entries(map(K, V)) -> array(row(K, V))

Returns an array of all entries in the given map.

SELECT map_entries(MAP(ARRAY[1, 2], ARRAY['x', 'y'])); -- [ROW(1, 'x'), ROW(2, 'y')]
map_filter(map(K, V), function(K, V, boolean)) -> map(K, V)

Constructs a map from those entries of map for which function returns true:

SELECT map_filter(MAP(ARRAY[], ARRAY[]), (k, v) -> true); -- {}
SELECT map_filter(MAP(ARRAY[10, 20, 30], ARRAY['a', NULL, 'c']), (k, v) -> v IS NOT NULL); -- {10 -> a, 30 -> c}
SELECT map_filter(MAP(ARRAY['k1', 'k2', 'k3'], ARRAY[20, 3, 15]), (k, v) -> v > 10); -- {k1 -> 20, k3 -> 15}
map_from_entries(array(row(K, V))) -> map(K, V)

Returns a map created from the given array of entries. Keys are not allowed to be null or to contain nulls.

SELECT map_from_entries(ARRAY[(1, 'x'), (2, 'y')]); -- {1 -> 'x', 2 -> 'y'}
multimap_from_entries(array(row(K, V))) -> map(K, array(V))

Returns a multimap created from the given array of entries. Each key can be associated with multiple values.

SELECT multimap_from_entries(ARRAY[(1, 'x'), (2, 'y'), (1, 'z')]); -- {1 -> ['x', 'z'], 2 -> ['y']}
map_keys(x(K, V)) -> array(K)

Returns all the keys in the map x.

map_values(x(K, V)) -> array(V)

Returns all the values in the map x.

map_zip_with(map(K, V1), map(K, V2), function(K, V1, V2, V3)) -> map(K, V3)

Merges the two given maps into a single map by applying function to the pair of values with the same key. For keys only presented in one map, NULL will be passed as the value for the missing key.

SELECT map_zip_with(MAP(ARRAY[1, 2, 3], ARRAY['a', 'b', 'c']), -- {1 -> ad, 2 -> be, 3 -> cf}
                    MAP(ARRAY[1, 2, 3], ARRAY['d', 'e', 'f']),
                    (k, v1, v2) -> concat(v1, v2));
SELECT map_zip_with(MAP(ARRAY['k1', 'k2'], ARRAY[1, 2]), -- {k1 -> ROW(1, null), k2 -> ROW(2, 4), k3 -> ROW(null, 9)}
                    MAP(ARRAY['k2', 'k3'], ARRAY[4, 9]),
                    (k, v1, v2) -> (v1, v2));
SELECT map_zip_with(MAP(ARRAY['a', 'b', 'c'], ARRAY[1, 8, 27]), -- {a -> a1, b -> b4, c -> c9}
                    MAP(ARRAY['a', 'b', 'c'], ARRAY[1, 2, 3]),
                    (k, v1, v2) -> k || CAST(v1/v2 AS VARCHAR));
no_keys_match(x(K, V), function(K, boolean)) boolean

Returns whether no keys of a map match the given predicate. Returns true if none of the keys match the predicate (a special case is when the map is empty); false if one or more keys match; NULL if the predicate function returns NULL for one or more keys and false for all other keys.

SELECT no_keys_match(map(array['a', 'b', 'c'], array[1, 2, 3]), x -> x = 'd'); -- true
no_values_match(x(K, V), function(V, boolean)) boolean

Returns whether no values of a map match the given predicate. Returns true if none of the values match the predicate (a special case is when the map is empty); false if one or more values match; NULL if the predicate function returns NULL for one or more values and false for all other values.

SELECT no_values_match(map(array['a', 'b', 'c'], array[1, 2, 3]), x -> x = 'd'); -- true
subscript(map(K, V), key) V

Returns value for given key. Return null if the key is not contained in the map. Corresponds to SQL subscript operator [].

SELECT name_to_age_map[‘Bob’] AS bob_age;

transform_keys(map(K1, V), function(K1, V, K2)) -> map(K2, V)

Returns a map that applies function to each entry of map and transforms the keys:

SELECT transform_keys(MAP(ARRAY[], ARRAY[]), (k, v) -> k + 1); -- {}
SELECT transform_keys(MAP(ARRAY [1, 2, 3], ARRAY ['a', 'b', 'c']), (k, v) -> k + 1); -- {2 -> a, 3 -> b, 4 -> c}
SELECT transform_keys(MAP(ARRAY ['a', 'b', 'c'], ARRAY [1, 2, 3]), (k, v) -> v * v); -- {1 -> 1, 4 -> 2, 9 -> 3}
SELECT transform_keys(MAP(ARRAY ['a', 'b'], ARRAY [1, 2]), (k, v) -> k || CAST(v as VARCHAR)); -- {a1 -> 1, b2 -> 2}
SELECT transform_keys(MAP(ARRAY [1, 2], ARRAY [1.0, 1.4]), -- {one -> 1.0, two -> 1.4}
                      (k, v) -> MAP(ARRAY[1, 2], ARRAY['one', 'two'])[k]);
transform_values(map(K, V1), function(K, V1, V2)) -> map(K, V2)

Returns a map that applies function to each entry of map and transforms the values:

SELECT transform_values(MAP(ARRAY[], ARRAY[]), (k, v) -> v + 1); -- {}
SELECT transform_values(MAP(ARRAY [1, 2, 3], ARRAY [10, 20, 30]), (k, v) -> v + k); -- {1 -> 11, 2 -> 22, 3 -> 33}
SELECT transform_values(MAP(ARRAY [1, 2, 3], ARRAY ['a', 'b', 'c']), (k, v) -> k * k); -- {1 -> 1, 2 -> 4, 3 -> 9}
SELECT transform_values(MAP(ARRAY ['a', 'b'], ARRAY [1, 2]), (k, v) -> k || CAST(v as VARCHAR)); -- {a -> a1, b -> b2}
SELECT transform_values(MAP(ARRAY [1, 2], ARRAY [1.0, 1.4]), -- {1 -> one_1.0, 2 -> two_1.4}
                        (k, v) -> MAP(ARRAY[1, 2], ARRAY['one', 'two'])[k] || '_' || CAST(v AS VARCHAR));